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Open AccessArticle

Sustainability and the Built Environment: The Role of Durability

College of Management, National Sun Yat-sen University, 70 Lianhai Road, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Gjuterigatan 5, 55111 Jönköping, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4926;
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 18 August 2019 / Accepted: 5 September 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Built Heritage and Sustainability)
A sustainable city combines stable long-term economic growth with a resilient ecological system. It is also a region of social sustainability with low levels of spatial segregation of different socio-economic groups. Spatial inclusion primarily involves provision of equalized city-wide access to territorial public goods. High durability of physical networks and buildings facilitates economic, environmental and social sustainability. This study shows that durability varies considerably between Asian, European and North American cities, with mean life expectancies of buildings that range from below 20 years in Chinese cities to over 100 years in European cities such as Paris. Urban planning principles that focus on the slow and steady expansion of accessibility and density within a durable built environment are consistent with general economic equilibria, while avoiding the pitfalls of political planning of the markets for private goods. View Full-Text
Keywords: durability; built environment; infrastructure; sustainability durability; built environment; infrastructure; sustainability
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Andersson, D.E.; Andersson, Å.E. Sustainability and the Built Environment: The Role of Durability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4926.

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