Next Article in Journal
The Military’s Links with Local Communities in the Context of Sustainable Development
Previous Article in Journal
Predicting First-Year College Student Retention: Validation of the College Persistence Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluating Public Policy Support for Agricultural Cooperatives
Open AccessArticle

Conservation Payments and Technical Efficiency of farm Households Participating in the Grain for Green Program on the Loess Plateau of China

1
School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, 1390 Hamasaka, Tottori 680-0001, Japan
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4426; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164426
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
  |  
PDF [623 KB, uploaded 16 August 2019]
  |  

Abstract

This study provides an empirical analysis of household technical efficiency and its determinant factors (especially conservation payments) in the context of the Grain for Green program. On the basis of a sample of 225 farm households on the Loess Plateau in 2007, we estimate household technical efficiency using the data envelopment analysis method. In addition to a traditional ordinary least square (OLS) analysis, quantile regression (QR) analysis is also deployed to explore the possible heterogeneous effects of conservation payments and other variables on the technical efficiency across the quantiles. The results suggest that when off-farm activities are taken into account, households have considerable potential for improving their technical efficiency; OLS analysis shows that conservation payments decrease household efficiency, and the QR analysis suggests that the negative impact is significant only for higher performance households; The presence of children, access of households to leased land markets, credit markets, and extension services all show heterogeneous impacts on household efficiency. On the basis of the findings of the study, policies suggestions to improve the program’s effectiveness are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: Grain for Green; conservation payments; household technical efficiency; OLS; quantile regression analysis Grain for Green; conservation payments; household technical efficiency; OLS; quantile regression analysis
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, L.; Tsunekawa, A.; Zuo, Y.; Koike, A. Conservation Payments and Technical Efficiency of farm Households Participating in the Grain for Green Program on the Loess Plateau of China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4426.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top