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Open AccessArticle

Predicting First-Year College Student Retention: Validation of the College Persistence Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample

1
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Behavioral Sciences Methodology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Structures, Construction and Graphical Expression, Technical University of Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4425; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164425
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 13 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
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Abstract

This paper analyzes the factorial and predictive validity of a Spanish adaptation of the College Persistence Questionnaire (SCPQ) on the retention of first year students (FYS) at university. The participants were 490 FYS from two public universities in Southern Europe (Spain). Factorial analysis of the SCPQ (χ2/gl = 1.66, CFI = 0.92, NNFI = 0.91, RMSEA = 0.04) showed six reliable dimensions, similar to those found in the original study: Academic Integration, Social Integration, Supportive Services Satisfaction, Academic Conscientiousness, Degree Commitment and Institutional Commitment. Logistic regression showed that institutional commitment significantly predicted FYS’ permanence. The results support SCPQ’s validity as an adequate and useful tool for assessing FYS’ academic experiences involved in student retention. View Full-Text
Keywords: higher education; first-year university students; permanence; student retention; student support services higher education; first-year university students; permanence; student retention; student support services
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García-Ros, R.; Pérez-Gónzalez, F.; Castillo Fuentes, M.; Cavas-Martínez, F. Predicting First-Year College Student Retention: Validation of the College Persistence Questionnaire in a Spanish Sample. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4425.

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