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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Housing Indicators for Sustainable Cities in Middle-Income Countries through the Residential Urban Environment Recognized Using Single-Family Housing Rating Systems

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Barcelona School of Architecture, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, 649 Diagonal Avenue, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
2
Barcelona School of Building Construction, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, 44-50 Doctor Marañón Avenue, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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Mochis Faculty of Engineering, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, no number Fuente de Poseidón y Ángel Flores, 81210 Los Mochis, Mexico
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Civil Engineering School, Metropolitan Autonomous University. Av. San Pablo 180, 02200 Mexico City, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4276; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164276
Received: 9 July 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
This study presents a comparative analysis of the housing indicators used by the single-family housing rating systems (SHRSs), in which the residential urban environment (RUE) influences buildings’ certification scores, emphasizing the relationships of six systems developed by middle-income countries (MICs)—BEST, CASA, GBI, BERDE, Green Homes, and LOTUS—and the two most-recognized rating systems, BREEAM and LEED. The aim is to provide new housing indicators that are capable of bringing the concept of sustainability into the cities of MICs. The results reveal that the percentage of influence that single-family housing (SFH) can achieve in the metric established by each system is relatively low. However, considering all of the identified indicators, this influence could increase to 53.16% of the total score in multi-criteria evaluations. Furthermore, a significant lack of indicators for mandatory criteria evaluations was found, with CASA being the only system that considers their inclusion. This paper identifies 37 indicators for multi-criteria assessments and two for mandatory-criteria assessments, providing new perspectives on several topics. Furthermore, the methodology established to obtain the indicators could be useful for other researchers in the identification of new sustainable indicators. View Full-Text
Keywords: housing indicators; residential urban environment; rating systems; single-family house; sustainable cities; residential sector; comparative approach; middle-income countries housing indicators; residential urban environment; rating systems; single-family house; sustainable cities; residential sector; comparative approach; middle-income countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saldaña-Márquez, H.; Gámez-García, D.C.; Gómez-Soberón, J.M.; Arredondo-Rea, S.P.; Corral-Higuera, R.; Gómez-Soberón, M.C. Housing Indicators for Sustainable Cities in Middle-Income Countries through the Residential Urban Environment Recognized Using Single-Family Housing Rating Systems. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4276. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164276

AMA Style

Saldaña-Márquez H, Gámez-García DC, Gómez-Soberón JM, Arredondo-Rea SP, Corral-Higuera R, Gómez-Soberón MC. Housing Indicators for Sustainable Cities in Middle-Income Countries through the Residential Urban Environment Recognized Using Single-Family Housing Rating Systems. Sustainability. 2019; 11(16):4276. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164276

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saldaña-Márquez, Héctor; Gámez-García, Diana C.; Gómez-Soberón, José M.; Arredondo-Rea, Susana P.; Corral-Higuera, Ramón; Gómez-Soberón, María C. 2019. "Housing Indicators for Sustainable Cities in Middle-Income Countries through the Residential Urban Environment Recognized Using Single-Family Housing Rating Systems" Sustainability 11, no. 16: 4276. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164276

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