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Open AccessArticle

The Association between Health-Related Fitness and Physical Activity during Weekdays: Do Fit Students Exercise More after School?

1
Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China
2
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
3
School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(15), 4127; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154127
Received: 5 July 2019 / Revised: 23 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 31 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Education for Sustainability in Physical Education)
Physically active students are more likely to be fit and learn better in school than sedentary ones. For school-aged children, it is unclear whether physical fitness level is an important determinant for student’s activity afterschool. This study examined the association between health-related physical fitness test performance and afterschool physical activity during weekdays. Participants (n = 97, 11–13 years old) completed health-related fitness tests. They wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for five consecutive days, recording physical activity participation during after school hours. Descriptive statistics for both afterschool physical activity and health-related fitness were summarized. Regression analyses were conducted to determine the association between variables. Participants spent most of their afterschool hours participating in sedentary behaviors (274.27 ± 66.89 min) and light physical activity (73.68 ± 51.66 min), and only 11.35 ± 16.92 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), accumulating approximately 2058.52 ± 1690.56 steps each day afterschool. The regression model explained 22.8% of the variance in afterschool MVPA, and Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) scores were the only statistically significant predictor (β = 0.47, p < 0.01). Fit students do tend to exercise more after school. Promoting physical fitness in school is an important factor for students’ afterschool physical activity participation during weekdays. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; exercise promotion; cardiorespiratory endurance; health-related fitness; physical education adolescent; exercise promotion; cardiorespiratory endurance; health-related fitness; physical education
MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, D.; Zhu, X.; Haegele, J.A.; Wilson, P.B.; Wu, X. The Association between Health-Related Fitness and Physical Activity during Weekdays: Do Fit Students Exercise More after School? Sustainability 2019, 11, 4127.

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