- What expectations towards ICMBio become visible from the daily lives of community members?
- How does ICMBio approach the community, and how are rules and regulations enforced and (re-)produced between local ICMBio staff and community members?
- How does the community respond to ICMBio’s approaches?
2. Theoretical Background
3. Materials and Methods
3.1. Case Description
3.2. Data Collection
3.3. Data Analysis
4.1. Community’s Expectations
4.2. ICMBio’s Approach
“Their sense of right and wrong is very subjective. For them is it natural to eat an animal. I asked a child of 5 years what she felt when she saw a picture of a fresh water turtle. She put her hand on her belly and went ‘mmmm’.”
“We don’t go there and put specific rules to the communities. They don’t accept it. So every time we say, it’s your house, it’s your way, you decide what you want to do. If you want to protect one (beach), it’s okay. Zero, okay, next year we will talk again.”
4.3. Community’s Response
5.1. Discussion of Results
5.2. Discussion of Theory, Methods and Scope for Further Study
Conflicts of Interest
- Could you tell me about your daily life and your work?
- Where do you hunt?
- Where do you fish?
- What plants do you grow in your garden?
- What species of fish do you eat?
- What animals do you hunt?
- How many times a week do you fish?
- Are there any types of fish you do not eat?
- Are there animals that are not hunted?
- Are there people that do not use resources sustainably?
- Do all community members live the same lifestyle?
- Are there places where people do not fish?
- Do you eat animals that have their young with them?
- Can you tell me about your project?
- Can you tell me about your experience in the community?
- Do you think the community has any idea about sustainability?
- Do community members consume all species they encounter?
- Does the community have plenty of space to hunt?
- Do community members engage in conversations about conservation?
- Do all settlements know about conservation efforts?
- Do people outside the reserve have the same consumption patterns regarding game?
- Are community teachers interested in awareness projects?
- Do you have any idea about the size of the turtle and tortoise population?
- How do you communicate with community members about turtle and tortois consumption?
- Do community members keep their promises regarding natural resource use?
- Does the community have a sense of sustainability awareness?
- Does the community act upon sustainability beliefs?
- Do people close to the road have different eating habits than people far away from the road?
- Is the community aware of habitat degradation and/or species decline?
- How often do you visit the reserve?
- How often do community members visit you?
- For what reasons do community members visit you?
- Are there problems in the reserve that you cannot solve?
- Do community members like visits from ICMBio?
- Do you have the same approach as managers of other reserves?
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|Offering suggestions for the improvement of livelihoods||Organising meetings on more efficient farming strategies|
|Offering alternative options for livelihoods||Showing the possibilities and benefits of making soap out of forest products|
|Offering new ideas for consumptive behaviour||Educating community members about the protection of turtles and tortoises|
|Creating new rules||Prohibiting hunting with dogs|
|Enforcing existing rules||Verifying that wood and bushmeat are not sold outside the reserve|
|Stimulating environmental awareness||Organising meetings about extractive lives|
|Assisting community members with specific problems||Helping out with family quarrels|
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