Next Article in Journal
Negotiating Proximity in Sustainable Urban Planning: A Swedish Case
Previous Article in Journal
Phytotoxicity of Corncob Biochar before and after Heat Treatment and Washing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Online and Offline Representations of Biocultural Diversity: A Political Ecology Perspective on Nature-Based Tourism and Indigenous Communities in the Brazilian Pantanal
Article

Conserving Biocultural Diversity through Community–Government Interaction: A Practice-Based Approach in a Brazilian Extractive Reserve

Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010032
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 21 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocultural Diversity and Sustainability)
We examined how community–government interaction may promote or hinder the conservation of biocultural diversity. Research was done with the extractive community of the Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, located in the state of Acre, Brazil. The reserve is governed by ICMBio, a Brazilian governmental organisation overseeing reserve policy implementation. This paper describes the interaction between ICMBio and the inhabitants of Riozinho da Liberdade. A Practice-Based Approach was used as a theoretical scope to look at the interaction on a practical level. It was found that ICMBio tried to develop the living standards of community members in various ways, for example, by offering suggestions for the improvement of livelihoods, and by proposing alternatives for consumptive behaviour. Although the relationship between ICMBio and the community was generally valued by community members, this did not always equal compliance with ICMBio’s rules, or responsiveness to ICBMIO’s suggestions for development. Our results show that although compliance was often suboptimal from a government perspective, biocultural diversity may still be reproduced through close interaction between community and government, and thus conserved. As such, our investigation provides counterweight to the abundant empirical evidence on the harmful social consequences of government interference in local nature governance. A main methodological insight of our work is that a Practice-Based Approach enabled us to detect (non-)compliant behaviour that would have otherwise likely gone unnoticed. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based conservation; (non-)compliance; extractivism; governmentality; human development; local communities; Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade community-based conservation; (non-)compliance; extractivism; governmentality; human development; local communities; Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mooij, M.L.J.; Dessartre Mendonça, S.; Arts, K. Conserving Biocultural Diversity through Community–Government Interaction: A Practice-Based Approach in a Brazilian Extractive Reserve. Sustainability 2019, 11, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010032

AMA Style

Mooij MLJ, Dessartre Mendonça S, Arts K. Conserving Biocultural Diversity through Community–Government Interaction: A Practice-Based Approach in a Brazilian Extractive Reserve. Sustainability. 2019; 11(1):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mooij, Marjolein L.J., Sabina Dessartre Mendonça, and Koen Arts. 2019. "Conserving Biocultural Diversity through Community–Government Interaction: A Practice-Based Approach in a Brazilian Extractive Reserve" Sustainability 11, no. 1: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010032

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop