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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3310; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093310

Are Touristic Attractions Well-Connected in an Olympic Host City? A Network Analysis Measurement of Visitor Movement Patterns in Gangneung, South Korea

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 25457, Korea
2
Design Development Department, CA Landscape Co., Ltd., Seoul 333-140, Korea
3
Research Department, Site Planning Co., Ltd, Busan 48505, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2018 / Revised: 4 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 16 September 2018
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Abstract

One of the most serious concerns about mega event-related changes to small cities is how to effectively utilize newly developed public attractions after the Olympic Games. Making connections with existing local amenities and forming attraction networks can be effective strategies for continuing a city’s revitalization. However, despite the expected benefits, attraction network research shows that these benefits often fail to materialize. With the case of Gangneung, a 2018 Winter Olympic hosting city, this study investigated visitation patterns to 19 selected attractions using network analysis. The results indicate that the most influential nodes are located on the northern coast, the eastern coast, and in the south downtown area, those nodes being the central locations where the strongest of connections are made. New attractions such as the Olympic Park and Walwha Linear Park were rather isolated. While seasonal and periodic variations, visitors’ residences, and destination choice attitudes had a significant effect on visitation patterns, the attraction networks, modes of transportation, proximity to region, and type similarity were not significant factors in the forming of visitation patterns. The results make a methodological contribution to tourist behavior and network research. In addition, beyond individual attraction development, the results provide practical implications in regard to networking and cooperation between multiple attractions using temporal and spatial strategies such as management/investment prioritizing, travel route development, and program scheduling. View Full-Text
Keywords: network analysis; attractions network; Gangneung; mega event; 2018 Winter Olympic; host city network analysis; attractions network; Gangneung; mega event; 2018 Winter Olympic; host city
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Kim, E.-J.; Jo, Y.; Kang, Y. Are Touristic Attractions Well-Connected in an Olympic Host City? A Network Analysis Measurement of Visitor Movement Patterns in Gangneung, South Korea. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3310.

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