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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3299; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093299

Agroecology in Canada: Towards an Integration of Agroecological Practice, Movement, and Science

1
Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
2
Centre for Critical Development Studies, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
3
Department of Geography and Planning, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada
4
Department of Health Sciences, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
5
Ecological Farmers Association of Ontario, Guelph, ON N1H 6J2, Canada
6
Department of Plant and Soil Science and Environment Program, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
7
Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
8
Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
9
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 11 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
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Abstract

This article surveys the current state of agroecology in Canada, giving particular attention to agroecological practices, the related social movements, and the achievements of agroecological science. In each of these realms, we find that agroecology emerges as a response to the various social and ecological problems associated with the prevailing industrial model of agricultural production that has long been promoted in the country under settler colonialism. Although the prevalence and prominence of agroecology is growing in Canada, its presence is still small and the support for its development is limited. We provide recommendations to achieve a more meaningful integration of agroecology in Canadian food policy and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural policy; agroecology; Canada; food movements; on-farm practices agricultural policy; agroecology; Canada; food movements; on-farm practices
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Isaac, M.E.; Isakson, S.R.; Dale, B.; Levkoe, C.Z.; Hargreaves, S.K.; Méndez, V.E.; Wittman, H.; Hammelman, C.; Langill, J.C.; Martin, A.R.; Nelson, E.; Ekers, M.; Borden, K.A.; Gagliardi, S.; Buchanan, S.; Archibald, S.; Gálvez Ciani, A. Agroecology in Canada: Towards an Integration of Agroecological Practice, Movement, and Science. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3299.

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