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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3147; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093147

Linking Land and Sea through Collaborative Research to Inform Contemporary applications of Traditional Resource Management in Hawai‘i

1
Department of Botany, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
2
School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
3
Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Kaneohe, HI 96744, USA
4
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
5
Limahuli Garden and Preserve, National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hā‘ena, HI 96714, USA
6
Wildlife Conservation Society, Melanesia Program, Suva, Fiji
7
Sea Grant College Program & Hui ‘Āina Momona, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
8
School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
9
University of Hawai‘i Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
10
University of Hawai‘i Economic Research Organization, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
11
Oceantroller LLC, Honolulu, HI 96819, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocultural Restoration in Hawaiʻi)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6070 KB, uploaded 6 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Across the Pacific Islands, declining natural resources have contributed to a cultural renaissance of customary ridge-to-reef management approaches. These indigenous and community conserved areas (ICCA) are initiated by local communities to protect natural resources through customary laws. To support these efforts, managers require scientific tools that track land-sea linkages and evaluate how local management scenarios affect coral reefs. We established an interdisciplinary process and modeling framework to inform ridge-to-reef management in Hawai‘i, given increasing coastal development, fishing and climate change related impacts. We applied our framework at opposite ends of the Hawaiian Archipelago, in Hā‘ena and Ka‘ūpūlehu, where local communities have implemented customary resource management approaches through government-recognized processes to perpetuate traditional food systems and cultural practices. We identified coral reefs vulnerable to groundwater-based nutrients and linked them to areas on land, where appropriate management of human-derived nutrients could prevent increases in benthic algae and promote coral recovery from bleaching. Our results demonstrate the value of interdisciplinary collaborations among researchers, managers and community members. We discuss the lessons learned from our culturally-grounded, inclusive research process and highlight critical aspects of collaboration necessary to develop tools that can inform placed-based solutions to local environmental threats and foster coral reef resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: ridge-to-reef; groundwater; land-use; nutrients; bleaching; scenario; resilience; collaboration; scientific tools; management ridge-to-reef; groundwater; land-use; nutrients; bleaching; scenario; resilience; collaboration; scientific tools; management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Delevaux, J.M.; Winter, K.B.; Jupiter, S.D.; Blaich-Vaughan, M.; Stamoulis, K.A.; Bremer, L.L.; Burnett, K.; Garrod, P.; Troller, J.L.; Ticktin, T. Linking Land and Sea through Collaborative Research to Inform Contemporary applications of Traditional Resource Management in Hawai‘i. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3147.

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