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Issues Concerning Declared Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of FAME Biofuels

Department of Transport and Logistics, Faculty of Technology, Institute of Technology and Business in České Budějovice, České Budějovice 37001, Czech Republic
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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3025; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093025
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 25 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Freight Transport)
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Abstract

The paper deals with the issue of greenhouse gas emissions that are produced by the road freight transport sector. These emissions affect the structure of the ozone layer and contribute to the greenhouse effect that causes global warming-issues that are closely associated with changing weather patterns and extreme weather events. Attention is drawn to the contradictions linked to FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) biofuels, namely the fact that although their use generates almost zero greenhouse gas emissions, their production requires high levels of energy consumption. The first part of the paper deals with the theoretical basis of the negative impacts of transport on the environment and the subsequent measurement of the extent of the harmful emissions generated by the road freight transport sector. In the methodical part of the paper, the calculation procedures and declared energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions generated by transport services are analyzed according to the EN 16258 standard. The experimental part of the paper focuses on the application of the methodology to a specific shipment on a specified transport route, where the total energy consumption and production of greenhouse gas emissions is determined. These calculations are based on comprehensive studies carried out for a particular transport company that assigned the authors the task of determining to what extent the declared energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions change when the type of fuel used is changed. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; road freight transport; calculation; transport service energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; road freight transport; calculation; transport service
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Ližbetin, J.; Hlatká, M.; Bartuška, L. Issues Concerning Declared Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of FAME Biofuels. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3025.

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