Next Article in Journal
Exposure to 50 Hz Magnetic Fields in Homes and Areas Surrounding Urban Transformer Stations in Silla (Spain): Environmental Impact Assessment
Next Article in Special Issue
Community Food Growing in Parks? Assessing the Acceptability and Feasibility in Sheffield, UK
Previous Article in Journal
Biomass-Based Innovations in Demand Driven Research and Development Projects in Africa
Previous Article in Special Issue
Tipping Points in the Supply of Ecosystem Services of a Mountainous Watershed in Southeast Asia
Article

Assessment of Agri-Environmental Externalities in Spanish Socio-Ecological Landscapes of Olive Groves

1
Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto de Economía, Geografía y Demografía (IEGD), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Albasanz, 26–28, 28037 Madrid, Spain
3
Unidad SIG-Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CCHS), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Albasanz, 26–28, 28037 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2640; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082640
Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 11 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
Traditional agricultural systems and their spatial context constitute socio-ecological landscapes for their long co-evolutionary history. However, these systems not only generate positive but also negative agri-environmental externalities, such as soil erosion, diffuse pollution and potential wild biodiversity degradation. In this paper, we present a methodological approach for developing and testing indicators to estimate the effects of these externalities, especially designed to be used to help guide land-use policy changes. Our results show that the indicators proposed can recognize the different environmental situations posed by the three selected study areas, in terms of potential erosion and diffuse pollution, as well as in the actual agri-environmental externalities assessment. As expected, they also respond to the changes in land use and management introduced by two scenarios, ecological and productive. Although the erosion and diffuse pollution indicators showed a linear response, the diversity indicator showed a non-linear response, which highlights the importance of the spatial structure of landscape in agri-environmental assessment. In fact, several ecological processes can be affected by landscape spatial structure, potentially giving unexpected results both in terms of indicators and of real impact of agri-environmental externalities. Therefore, some landscape structure assessment should accompany that of externalities when considering land-use policy objectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: indicators; soil erosion; diffuse pollution; biodiversity loss indicators; soil erosion; diffuse pollution; biodiversity loss
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

López-Pintor, A.; Sanz-Cañada, J.; Salas, E.; Rescia, A.J. Assessment of Agri-Environmental Externalities in Spanish Socio-Ecological Landscapes of Olive Groves. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082640

AMA Style

López-Pintor A, Sanz-Cañada J, Salas E, Rescia AJ. Assessment of Agri-Environmental Externalities in Spanish Socio-Ecological Landscapes of Olive Groves. Sustainability. 2018; 10(8):2640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082640

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Pintor, Antonio, Javier Sanz-Cañada, Ernesto Salas, and Alejandro J. Rescia. 2018. "Assessment of Agri-Environmental Externalities in Spanish Socio-Ecological Landscapes of Olive Groves" Sustainability 10, no. 8: 2640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082640

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop