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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2553; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072553

Assessment of Air Pollution from Household Solid Waste Open Burning in Thailand

1
Faculty of Public Health, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand
2
Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
3
The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok 10140, Thailand
4
Center of Excellence on Energy Technology and Environment (CEE–PERDO), Ministry of Education, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Municipal Solid Waste Management)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess household solid waste management in areas governed by local administrative organizations (LAOs). The obtained results would be used to assess the amount of air pollution emitted from household solid waste open burning. A survey was employed, through the use of questionnaires, to collect data from a random sample of 4300 households residing in areas governed by 96 LAOs. According to the results, it was evident that a total of 26.17 Mt of solid waste were generated per year, of which 6.39 Mt/year was not collected by the LAOs and was eliminated by households. Moreover, the percentage of waste burned on or outside the households’ property was 53.7%, or an equivalent of 3.43 Mt/year of solid waste burned in open areas. In addition, it was found that 0.66 Mt/year of solid waste collected by the LAOs was burned in open areas and was not eliminated properly. Hence, the total amount of solid waste from these two sources was 4.09 Mt/year, which resulted in the emissions of carbon dioxide equivalent, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, and particulate matter of 1247.3 kt/year, 103.0 kt/year, 1.2 kt/year, 7.4 kt/year, and 19.6 kt/year, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; emissions; waste management municipal solid waste; emissions; waste management
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Pansuk, J.; Junpen, A.; Garivait, S. Assessment of Air Pollution from Household Solid Waste Open Burning in Thailand. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2553.

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