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Article

Assessing Mismatches in the Provision of Urban Ecosystem Services to Support Spatial Planning: A Case Study on Recreation and Food Supply in Havana, Cuba

Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano, 77, I-38123 Trento, Italy
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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2165; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072165
Received: 7 May 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 25 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Uses and Rural Governance)
Integrating information about how ecosystem services (ES) are provided and benefited from in spatial planning is essential to enhance quality of life in urban areas. This study aims to assess mismatches in the provision of urban ES. Specifically, it compares the amount of services that urban dwellers currently benefit from with the capacity of green spaces to provide service and the ES demand, in order to assess two mismatches: “unsustainable flow” and “unsatisfied demand”, respectively. We focus on two ES, recreation and food supply, and conduct an empirical study in two adjacent municipalities of the city of Havana, Cuba. The methodological approach includes: the identification of services providing and demanding areas; and the quantification of mismatches by carrying out a spatial comparison between critical capacity and flow, and demand and flow. Results show that urban green spaces may be potentially exposed to overcrowding. Concerning food supply, a mismatch between demand and flow emerged in both of the municipalities. The assessment can support planners in addressing the sustainable use of green spaces and the equitable distribution of ES benefits. However, its applicability requires a deep understanding of local specificities, including demand levels, accessibility to ES, and sustainability thresholds. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban ecosystem services; spatial planning; mismatches; sustainable use; equitable distribution urban ecosystem services; spatial planning; mismatches; sustainable use; equitable distribution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Orta Ortiz, M.S.; Geneletti, D. Assessing Mismatches in the Provision of Urban Ecosystem Services to Support Spatial Planning: A Case Study on Recreation and Food Supply in Havana, Cuba. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072165

AMA Style

Orta Ortiz MS, Geneletti D. Assessing Mismatches in the Provision of Urban Ecosystem Services to Support Spatial Planning: A Case Study on Recreation and Food Supply in Havana, Cuba. Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Orta Ortiz, Maria S., and Davide Geneletti. 2018. "Assessing Mismatches in the Provision of Urban Ecosystem Services to Support Spatial Planning: A Case Study on Recreation and Food Supply in Havana, Cuba" Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072165

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