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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1961;

Works in Favor of Extraction: Labor in Land-Use Competition

Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
Institute of Social Ecology (SEC), University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), 1070 Vienna, Austria
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 11 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land-Use Competition)
Full-Text   |   PDF [426 KB, uploaded 11 June 2018]   |  


Despite their negative social and environmental consequences, claims to land for resource extraction are dominantly asserted under conditions of land-use competition. The ‘success’ of the extractive expansion relies on very specific labor arrangements. Through dispossession and unfulfilled promises of long-term employment, an overabundance of labor (or employment gap) is generated at extractive sites. Poverty is exploited in order to sustain business as usual: environmental degradation, low average wages and high wage inequality, and abysmal working conditions. In resolving global land-use competition for sustainability transformations, it is necessary to address labor arrangements as a mechanism through which the claim to land for resource extraction is asserted. View Full-Text
Keywords: abundance of labor; appropriation; claims to land; dispossession; employment; resources abundance of labor; appropriation; claims to land; dispossession; employment; resources

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Schaffartzik, A. Works in Favor of Extraction: Labor in Land-Use Competition. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1961.

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