Next Article in Journal
What do We Talk about When We Talk about Social-Ecological Systems? A Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
Analytical Determination of Medical Gases Consumption and Their Impact on Hospital Sustainability
Previous Article in Special Issue
Works in Favor of Extraction: Labor in Land-Use Competition
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2949; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082949

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Green Spaces in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region in the Past 20 Years

1
Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035, China
2
Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Qulity, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035, China
3
College of Horticulture & Forestry Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land-Use Competition)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2546 KB, uploaded 20 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

Rapid urbanization has caused the reduction of green spaces in most cities, disrupting the structure and process of urban and rural ecosystems. The accurate identification of spatiotemporal changes in green spaces is important to delineate future management and planning. We investigated green space types of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015 based on the elevation data and land use/cover for those years. Spatiotemporal changes in these identified green spaces between 1995 and 2015 were evaluated as well as the spatial hotspots of disappeared and unstable green patches. The results indicate that the cultivated land in plains and forests and cultivated land in medium-high mountainous areas were the main green space types in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region during the period from 1995 to 2015. A large number of green spaces, in particular cultivated lands, in the peripheral areas of big cities were replaced by construction sites over the past 20 years. Hotspots of unstable green spaces were mainly distributed in the western and northern mountainous areas of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region, where green spaces changed from one type to another. These findings provide an important reference for the management and planning of land and green spaces towards an integrative and collaborative development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. View Full-Text
Keywords: green space; spatiotemporal changes; transition matrix; Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region green space; spatiotemporal changes; transition matrix; Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, H.; Liu, W.; Yun, W. Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Green Spaces in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region in the Past 20 Years. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2949.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top