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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 632; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030632

Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire and Its Relationship to Physical Activity and Gender Using Structural Equation Modelling

1
Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Department of Integrated Didactics, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
4
Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
5
School of Sciences of Physical Activity, Sport and Health ECIADES, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago de Chile 9170022, Chile
6
Sports Science and Physical Activity, University Santo Tomas, Santiago of Chile 837003, Chile
7
School of Health Sciences, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity as a Means of Culture, Leisure and Free Time)
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Abstract

(1) Background: Different authors have established that each type of motivation to sports can favor healthy habits in men and women, being important to promote more self-determined motivations. (2) Methods: The present study was designed to assess selected psychometric properties of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire and study the relationship between motivational climate, physical activity and gender in adolescents. Research was conducted with a sample of 2134 Spanish children (12.5 ± 1.4 years). (3) Results: The final scale was formed of two factors. The fit of factor 1 (ego climate) was 0.867, the fit for factor 2 was 0.851 (task climate) and the overall fit was 0.765. Structural equation modelling identified a negative relationship between ego climate and task climate. This relationship was strong in women. A direct relationship was found between the ego climate and task climate in relation to physical activity in men and women. Nevertheless, this positive relationship was stronger in men. (4) Conclusions: PMCSQ-2 test is a good instrument to measure the motivation towards sports practice. Moreover, it is important to promote adaptive types of motivation in physical education classes in order to generate pleasure for learning and long-term physical activity engagement. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sport; motivation; gender physical activity; sport; motivation; gender
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Zurita Ortega, F.; Castro Sánchez, M.; Chacón Cuberos, R.; Cachón Zagalaz, J.; Cofré Bolados, C.; Knox, E.; Muros, J.J. Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire and Its Relationship to Physical Activity and Gender Using Structural Equation Modelling. Sustainability 2018, 10, 632.

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