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An Integrated Investigation of Spatiotemporal Habitat Quality Dynamics and Driving Forces in the Upper Basin of Miyun Reservoir, North China

by 1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2,3, 1,2, 1,2, 4 and 1,2,3
1
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Key Laboratory for Water and Sediment Sciences of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
Beijing Engineering Research Center for Watershed Environmental Restoration and Integrated Ecological Regulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4625; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124625
Received: 14 September 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 2 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
Understanding changes in habitat quality and the driving forces of these changes at landscape scales is a critical part of effective ecosystem management. The present study investigated spatiotemporal habitat quality dynamics and related driving forces from 2005 to 2015 in the upper basin of Miyun Reservoir in North China by constructing an effective framework integrated InVEST and binary logistic regression models. This framework expanded the driving force analysis into an assessment of changes in habitat quality and intuitively verified the effectiveness of relevant environmental policies. The proposed method of combining the equidistant random sampling method and the method of introducing spatial lag variables in logistic regression equation can effectively solve spatial autocorrelation with a large enough number of sampling points. Overall, habitat quality improved during the study period. Spatially, a concentrated loss of habitat occurred in the southeastern part of the basin between the reservoir and mountainous areas, while other areas gradually recovered. Driving force analysis showed that lower elevation mountain land, gentle slopes, locations near rural land or roads, larger areas of grain cultivation, and areas with little population change had a higher likelihood of having changed in habitat quality in the upper basin of Miyun Reservoir. These results suggested that the present policy of protecting the ecosystem had a positive effect on improving habitat quality. In the future, the human activity management related to habitat quality needs to be strengthened. The present study would provide a reference for land use policy formulation and biodiversity conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat quality; driving force; spatial autocorrelation; logistic regression; InVEST model habitat quality; driving force; spatial autocorrelation; logistic regression; InVEST model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, S.; Wang, X.; Cai, Y.; Li, C.; Yan, R.; Cui, G.; Yang, Z. An Integrated Investigation of Spatiotemporal Habitat Quality Dynamics and Driving Forces in the Upper Basin of Miyun Reservoir, North China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4625. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124625

AMA Style

Yan S, Wang X, Cai Y, Li C, Yan R, Cui G, Yang Z. An Integrated Investigation of Spatiotemporal Habitat Quality Dynamics and Driving Forces in the Upper Basin of Miyun Reservoir, North China. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4625. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124625

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yan, Shengjun; Wang, Xuan; Cai, Yanpeng; Li, Chunhui; Yan, Rui; Cui, Guannan; Yang, Zhifeng. 2018. "An Integrated Investigation of Spatiotemporal Habitat Quality Dynamics and Driving Forces in the Upper Basin of Miyun Reservoir, North China" Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4625. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124625

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