Next Article in Journal
Urban Resilience Discourse Analysis: Towards a Multi-Level Approach to Cities
Previous Article in Journal
Implementing Vertical Farming at University Scale to Promote Sustainable Communities: A Feasibility Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Pricing Decisions of CSR Closed-Loop Supply Chains with Carbon Emission Constraints

1
Business School, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
2
Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3
International Business School, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
4
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Hong Kong University, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4430; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124430
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 25 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
Global warming has become a growing concern for countries around the world. Currently, the direct way to solve this issue is to curb carbon emissions. Governments and enterprises should assume the social responsibility to conserve the environment. Under the background of carbon emission constraint, this article investigates the optimal decisions of closed-loop supply chains in the context of social responsibility, explores the impacts of constraints of carbon emissions and corporate social responsibility on recycling and remanufacturing decisions, and introduces the model of maximizing social welfare for further comparison and analysis. The results show that the coefficient of remanufacturing and emission reduction and the coefficient of government reward and punishment are inversely proportional to recycling rates and the total carbon emissions. Governments should formulate rational carbon emission caps for enterprises with different coefficients of remanufacturing and emission reduction. Additionally, corporate social responsibility has a positive effect on recycling rates, and a rise in its strength can lead to a fall in carbon emissions per unit product. In terms of product recycling and profit sources, the model of maximizing social welfare is superior to that of maximizing the manufacturer’s total profits, which provides new managerial insights for decision-makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: closed-loop supply chains; carbon emissions; corporate social responsibility; social welfare closed-loop supply chains; carbon emissions; corporate social responsibility; social welfare
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shu, T.; Liu, Q.; Chen, S.; Wang, S.; Lai, K.K. Pricing Decisions of CSR Closed-Loop Supply Chains with Carbon Emission Constraints. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4430.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop