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Article

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation of Bangladesh: Mechanisms, Notions and Solutions

1
Geography, Environment and Population, School of Social Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, South Australia, Australia
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The Bangladesh Australia Hub Inc., Windsor Gardens 5087, South Australia, Australia
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Bangladesh High Commission, Rue de Lausanne 65, 1202 Genève, Switzerland
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Senior Assistant Secretary, The Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4286; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114286
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 10 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
The concept of household vulnerability along with sustainable livelihoods has currently emerged as a significant concept in the climate change vulnerability and adaptation (CCVA) literature. In this paper, the vulnerability of Bangladesh has been assessed by using multiple regression analysis where twenty two effective variables have been chosen from the surveyed data given by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. The vulnerability has been functioned by three main stream components: Exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, which have been adopted from the reports of Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other scientific literature. Based on the higher significance and coefficient values, the variables, which have direct relationships and impact on income and illness, have been identified and prioritized. Household income and illness are the known driving forces for assessing the vulnerability. The motion of centripetal and centrifugal forces in decision making mechanisms, which are the main driving contributions of this paper, have been dealt as a new way to envisioning vulnerability and adaptation decision. Based on the prioritized variables some actions along with solutions have been taken into consideration, which have enormous significance in addressing localized plans and actions in order to reduce potential households’ vulnerability under climate change regimes in Bangladesh. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change vulnerability and adaptation; adaptive capacity; exposure; sensitivity; notion and mechanism of adaptation; transformed adaptation; adaptation solution; Bangladesh; multiple regression; adaptation decision mechanism climate change vulnerability and adaptation; adaptive capacity; exposure; sensitivity; notion and mechanism of adaptation; transformed adaptation; adaptation solution; Bangladesh; multiple regression; adaptation decision mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Younus, M.A.F.; Kabir, M.A. Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation of Bangladesh: Mechanisms, Notions and Solutions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114286

AMA Style

Younus MAF, Kabir MA. Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation of Bangladesh: Mechanisms, Notions and Solutions. Sustainability. 2018; 10(11):4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114286

Chicago/Turabian Style

Younus, Md A.F., and Md A. Kabir 2018. "Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation of Bangladesh: Mechanisms, Notions and Solutions" Sustainability 10, no. 11: 4286. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114286

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