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Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 3916; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113916

Comparison of Regular Atmospheric Storage versus Modified Atmospheric Packaging on Postharvest Quality of Organically Grown Lowbush and Half-Highbush Blueberries

1
Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 1, Tartu 51006, Estonia
2
Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, NIBIO Ullensvang, Haugasund, 5781 Lofthus, Ullensvang, Hardanger, Norway
3
Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, 418 N Main St, Milton Freewater, OR 97862, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 28 October 2018
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of modified atmosphere (MA) packages on the external quality of organically grown lowbush blueberry and half-highbush blueberry (’Northblue’) and the nutritional value of the fruits. Fruits were divided into plastic punnets and stored as follows: regular atmosphere (RA), punnets without packing; punnets sealed in a low-density polyethylene (LDPE, Estiko) bag; punnets sealed in an Xtend® blueberry bag (Stepac). Fruits were stored at 3 ± 1 °C. Compared to RA conditions, the Xtend® package prolonged the postharvest life for 15 days for lowbush and 9 days for half-highbush blueberries. Fruit dry matter (DM) and titratable acidity (TA) were higher in the Xtend® package. Fruit SSC decreased in the LDPE packages and increased in the Xtend® packages during storage. Based on the decreased soluble solids content (SSC) and titratable acidity (TA) ratio (SSC:TA) values during storage, it can be concluded that the taste of the fruits became sourer in all packages. Anthocyanin biosynthesis of lowbush blueberries was suppressed in MA, but this effect was not noticed for ‘Northblue’. Regarding fruit firmness, shrivelling, and decay, there were significant differences between the MA packages, but the genetic differences were more important: half-highbush blueberry fruits were firmer and less shrivelled. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vaccinium angustifolium; V. corymbosum x V. angustifolium; anthocyanins; soluble solids; titratable acidity; colour Vaccinium angustifolium; V. corymbosum x V. angustifolium; anthocyanins; soluble solids; titratable acidity; colour
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Koort, A.; Moor, U.; Põldma, P.; Kaiser, C.; Starast, M. Comparison of Regular Atmospheric Storage versus Modified Atmospheric Packaging on Postharvest Quality of Organically Grown Lowbush and Half-Highbush Blueberries. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3916.

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