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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3599; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103599

COSMO–SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar Data to Observe the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, 80143 Napoli, Italy
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Received: 20 July 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 30 September 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
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Abstract

Oil spills are adverse events that may be very harmful to ecosystems and the food chain. In particular, large sea oil spills are very dramatic occurrences that may affect sea and coastal areas. Hence, the sustainability of oil rig infrastructures and oil transportation via oil tankers is linked to law enforcement based on proper monitoring techniques, which are also fundamental to mitigate the impact of such pollution. In this study, a showcase referring to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil incident, one of the world’s largest incidental oil pollution event that occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 affecting a sea area larger than 10,000 km 2 , is analyzed using remotely-sensed information collected by Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). Although, operationally, SAR sea oil slick observation is typically accomplished using C-band VV-polarized SAR imagery, during the DWH oil incident, because of their very dense revisit time, even single-polarization X-band COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) SAR measurements were collected. In this study, we exploit, for the first time, incoherent dual co-polarization SAR data collected by the Italian CSK X-band SAR constellation showing the key benefits of HH-VV SAR measurements in observing such a huge oil pollution event, especially in terms of the very dense revisit time offered by the CSK constellation. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea; remote sensing; oil pollution sea; remote sensing; oil pollution
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Nunziata, F.; Buono, A.; Migliaccio, M. COSMO–SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar Data to Observe the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3599.

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