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Article

Feasibility of Nonintubated Anesthesia for Lumboperitoneal Shunt Implantation

1
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
2
Department of Anesthesiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
3
Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mats Eriksson and Anna Capasso
Clin. Pract. 2022, 12(3), 449-456; https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030049
Received: 22 January 2022 / Revised: 30 May 2022 / Accepted: 9 June 2022 / Published: 16 June 2022
Lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) implantation is a cerebrospinal fluid diversion therapy for the communicating type of normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH); NPH mainly affects older adults. However, endotracheal intubation for mechanical ventilation with muscle relaxant increases perioperative and postoperative risks for this population. Based on knowledge from nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery, which has been widely performed in recent years, we describe a novel application of nonintubated anesthesia for LPS implantation in five patients. Anesthesia without muscle relaxants, with a laryngeal mask in one patient and a high-flow nasal cannula in four patients, was used to maintain spontaneous breathing during the surgery. The mean anesthesia time was 103.8 min, and the mean operative duration was 55.8 min. All patients recovered from anesthesia uneventfully. In our experience, nonintubated LPS surgery appears to be a promising and safe surgical technique for appropriately selected patients with NPH. View Full-Text
Keywords: lumboperitoneal shunt; hydrocephalus; nonintubated anesthesia lumboperitoneal shunt; hydrocephalus; nonintubated anesthesia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, A.P.-H.; Tsai, F.-F.; Chen, C.-C.; Lee, T.-S.; Kuo, L.-T. Feasibility of Nonintubated Anesthesia for Lumboperitoneal Shunt Implantation. Clin. Pract. 2022, 12, 449-456. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030049

AMA Style

Huang AP-H, Tsai F-F, Chen C-C, Lee T-S, Kuo L-T. Feasibility of Nonintubated Anesthesia for Lumboperitoneal Shunt Implantation. Clinics and Practice. 2022; 12(3):449-456. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Abel P.-H., Feng-Fang Tsai, Chien-Chia Chen, Tzong-Shiun Lee, and Lu-Ting Kuo. 2022. "Feasibility of Nonintubated Anesthesia for Lumboperitoneal Shunt Implantation" Clinics and Practice 12, no. 3: 449-456. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030049

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