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Assessment of Knowledge about Traditional Medicine Reveals Overuse as a Potential Risk for Aggravating COVID-19 and Underlying Diseases in Geriatrics and Women’s Health in the Saudi Population

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Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ha’il, Hail 55476, Saudi Arabia
2
College of Medicine, University of Ha’il, Hail 55476, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vishwanath Venketaraman
Clin. Pract. 2022, 12(3), 363-373; https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030041
Received: 7 December 2021 / Revised: 27 January 2022 / Accepted: 16 March 2022 / Published: 23 May 2022
The devastating COVID-19 pandemic has created several gaps in the management of viral infections, leaving biocontainment and supportive measures as the only resorts for control. As such, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of dietary supplementations and herbal medicine for COVID-19. However, serious concerns regarding the efficacy, safety, and recommended doses of these medicines have been raised. In this study, we aimed to assess the population knowledge about alternative medicine administration for COVID-19 and the associated factors. Using a self-administered cross-sectional survey, we analyzed a total of 2042 valid responses. Most of the included participants were females (69.7%), with an overall mean age of 20.8 ± 11.8 years. Most respondents (62.8%) obtained their knowledge from social media while only 16.6% received knowledge from the health care workers. Half of the participants (50.6%) correctly identified all COVID-19 symptoms, where fever (18.5%) and loss of smell and taste (17.1%) were the most frequent answers. On the use of traditional medicines and supplements for COVID-19, 57.8% did not answer, 23.7% admitted regular use, and 18.5% used sometimes. Family members or friends suggested the use of traditional medicines and dietary supplements to 28.0% of the participants while only 14.7% were advised by a nutritionist, physician, pharmacist, nurse, or a health worker. Moreover, seniors and illiterate portions of society had lower knowledge scores and increased utilization of alternative medicine. Marital status, income, and previous COVID-19 were all significant predictors of the awareness and knowledge score. Thus, this study has identified overuse of unregulated medicinal products in the region, which potentially aggravates COVID-19 or other underlying risks of the disease, making clinical management challenging, particularly in geriatrics and women’s health. Regulation of medicinal products and establishment of educational campaigns about the disease have become imperative. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative medicine overuse; COVID-19 factors; Saudi medicinal and cultural practices alternative medicine overuse; COVID-19 factors; Saudi medicinal and cultural practices
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alshammari, K.F.; Alradaddi, F.M.; Alshammari, K.F.; Almutairi, M.Q.; Almakhalfi, N.S.; Almeshari, R.A.; Alaezaimee, S.M. Assessment of Knowledge about Traditional Medicine Reveals Overuse as a Potential Risk for Aggravating COVID-19 and Underlying Diseases in Geriatrics and Women’s Health in the Saudi Population. Clin. Pract. 2022, 12, 363-373. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030041

AMA Style

Alshammari KF, Alradaddi FM, Alshammari KF, Almutairi MQ, Almakhalfi NS, Almeshari RA, Alaezaimee SM. Assessment of Knowledge about Traditional Medicine Reveals Overuse as a Potential Risk for Aggravating COVID-19 and Underlying Diseases in Geriatrics and Women’s Health in the Saudi Population. Clinics and Practice. 2022; 12(3):363-373. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alshammari, Khalid F., Fadyah M. Alradaddi, Kholah F. Alshammari, Maha Q. Almutairi, Nuseibah S. Almakhalfi, Raghad A. Almeshari, and Shamma M. Alaezaimee. 2022. "Assessment of Knowledge about Traditional Medicine Reveals Overuse as a Potential Risk for Aggravating COVID-19 and Underlying Diseases in Geriatrics and Women’s Health in the Saudi Population" Clinics and Practice 12, no. 3: 363-373. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract12030041

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