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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

An Assessment of Causes of PEV Success Across U.S. Metro Areas

1
Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Ave, Lemont, IL, USA
2
Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20585, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(4), 818-830; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj8040818
Published: 30 December 2016
PDF [814 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]

Abstract

Using 2014 U.S. light duty PEV registrations by make and model, this paper assesses the causes of Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) success across U.S. states focusing on areas that had incentive and utility programs supporting PEV adoption. Market segments investigated were (1) luxury/performance (>$60,000 list price), (2) mid-market ($40-50,000), (3) mass market (<$40.000), and (4) total. States with either exclusive or preferential BEV incentives are a focus. BEV-biased incentives proved to be very effective in promoting mass market BEVs. After controlling for these attributes, case studies for several utility service areas were conducted to gauge whether PEVs were more or less successfully implemented via outreach by those utilities. These investigations suggest ways that utilities can successfully increase PEV registrations, after taking local climate and state incentives into consideration.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhou, Y.; Santini, D.; Rood, M.; Bluestein, L.; Mitchell, G.; Stephens, T.; Ward, J. An Assessment of Causes of PEV Success Across U.S. Metro Areas. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 818-830.

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