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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

City Buses with Alternative Power Trains under Realistic Driving Conditions

Institut für Kraftfahrzeuge, RWTH Aachen University, Steinbachstr. 7, D-52074 Aachen, Germany
Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität, TÜV NORD Mobilität GmbH & Co. KG, Adlerstraße 7, D-45307 Essen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(1), 139-150;
Published: 25 March 2016
PDF [481 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]


City buses with hybrid and battery electric power trains as well as conventional reference vehicles have been examined using a standardized methodology, mainly focusing on exhaust and noise emissions, overall energy efficiency and operational availability. A combination of realistic test drives on bus lanes, test track runs, long term data acquisition and simulation has been utilized to conduct a complete assessment of the technology. First results indicate an improvement over conventional city buses in every technical area.
Keywords: emissions; noise; energy consumption; HEV; public transport emissions; noise; energy consumption; HEV; public transport
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Scholz-Starke, K.; Fortino, A.; Hammer, J. City Buses with Alternative Power Trains under Realistic Driving Conditions. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 139-150.

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World Electr. Veh. J. EISSN 2032-6653 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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