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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Mechanically actuated variable flux IPMSM for EV and HEV applications

1
Nissan Motor Manufacture Co., Ltd. (UK)
2
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd (Japan)
3
Dept. of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(3), 684-695; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6030684
Published: 27 September 2013
PDF [1035 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

The current trend in production EVs/HEVs is to use interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) as the means of providing power to the vehicle drive train. The efficiency of these machines can be extremely high (>95%) although this typically occurs in a relatively narrow range in the middle of the machine speed-torque curve. This is a concern for automotive applications as vehicles operate across the full range of speeds and torques; typical urban drive cycles operate in the low speed/torque region where efficiencies can drop to below 80%. Clearly there is a mismatch between the region of high efficiency of the machine and the region of highest operation duty of EVs/HEVs. This paper presents a method of expanding the peak efficiency region of the machine by introducing a method for adjusting the permanent magnet flux linkage utilising a mechanism that short circuits the flux at the end caps of the rotor using solid steel plates. These plates are operated such that they can switch between open and closed positions depending on the demand on the machine allowing the flux linkage to be varied. Analysis shows that by applying the plates to short the flux in the rotor the flux linkage in low torque/high speed applications is lowered whilst reducing the need for high flux weakening currents in the d-axis. This reduces current consumption, improving the power factor and therefore increases the overall efficiency of the machine. The performance of the system is verified using a proof of concept IPMSM.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Urquhart, I.; Tanaka, D.; Owen, R.; Zhu, Z.; Wang, J.; Stone, D. Mechanically actuated variable flux IPMSM for EV and HEV applications. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 684-695.

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