The interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) can offer many advantages, including high power-to-weight ratio, high efficiency, rugged construction, low cogging torque and the capability of reluctance torque, so it is widely used in electric vehicle (EV). Two control schemes, namely field oriented control (FOC) and direct torque control (DTC) are used in PMSM drive. In order to decrease current and torque ripple and fix switching frequency, an improved DTC scheme based on the control of stator flux, torque angle and torque was proposed, which used voltage vector selection strategy and the technology of space vector modulation (SVM) to generate the applied voltage vector instead of switching table. And this paper compared these three control schemes based on a 15-kW interior PMSM used in Honda Civic 06My hybrid electrical vehicle. Experimental results show for the FOC using the hysteresis current control, due to the lower sampling period, stator current is more sinusoidal. But it needs the continuous rotor position information and the switching frequency of the VSI is not constant. For the DTC using switching table, current ripple is higher and the switching frequency of the VSI is also not constant. But it does not need the rotor position information except for the initial rotor position. Compared with switching table, the proposed DTC can decrease current and torque ripple and fix switching frequency.
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