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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the End-of-Life of Electric Vehicle Batteries According to the State-of-Health

1
Energy Research Institute of Catalonia (IREC), 08930 Sant Adrià de Besòs, Spain
2
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), C\Jordi Girona 31, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
3
Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique (CSEM) SA, Rue Jaquet-Droz 1, 2002 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10(4), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj10040063
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 5 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
As a result of monitoring thousands of electric vehicle charges around Europe, this study builds statistical distributions that model the amount of energy necessary for trips between charges, showing that most of trips are within the range of electric vehicle even when the battery degradation reaches the end-of-life, commonly accepted to be 80% State of Health. According to these results, this study analyses how far this End-of-Life can be pushed forward using statistical methods and indicating the provability of failing to fulfill the electric vehicle (EV) owners’ daily trip needs.
Keywords: battery aging; state of health; electric vehicle; End-of-Life; sustainability battery aging; state of health; electric vehicle; End-of-Life; sustainability
MDPI and ACS Style

Casals, L.C.; Rodríguez, M.; Corchero, C.; Carrillo, R.E. Evaluation of the End-of-Life of Electric Vehicle Batteries According to the State-of-Health. World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10, 63.

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