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Article

Detection of a Novel Reassortant H9N9 Avian Influenza Virus in Free-Range Ducks in Bangladesh

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
2
Center of Scientific Excellence for Influenza Viruses, National Research Centre, Giza 12622, Egypt
3
Department of Zoology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar 1342, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gregory Tannock and Hyunsuh Kim
Viruses 2021, 13(12), 2357; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13122357
Received: 21 October 2021 / Revised: 16 November 2021 / Accepted: 20 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strategies for Preventing Viral Epidemics and Pandemics)
Wild aquatic birds are the primary natural reservoir for influenza A viruses (IAVs). In this study, an A(H9N9) influenza A virus (A/duck/Bangladesh/44493/2020) was identified via routine surveillance in free-range domestic ducks in Bangladesh. Phylogenetic analysis of hemagglutinin showed that the H9N9 virus belonged to the Y439-like lineage. The HA gene had the highest nucleotide identity to A/Bean Goose (Anser fabalis)/South Korea/KNU 2019-16/2019 (H9N2). The other seven gene segments clustered within the Eurasian lineage. View Full-Text
Keywords: avian influenza; free-range ducks; Bangladesh avian influenza; free-range ducks; Bangladesh
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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Shesheny, R.; Turner, J.C.M.; Walker, D.; Franks, J.; Seiler, P.; Barman, S.; Feeroz, M.M.; Hasan, M.K.; Akhtar, S.; Mukherjee, N.; Kercher, L.; McKenzie, P.; Webster, R.G.; Webby, R.J. Detection of a Novel Reassortant H9N9 Avian Influenza Virus in Free-Range Ducks in Bangladesh. Viruses 2021, 13, 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13122357

AMA Style

El-Shesheny R, Turner JCM, Walker D, Franks J, Seiler P, Barman S, Feeroz MM, Hasan MK, Akhtar S, Mukherjee N, Kercher L, McKenzie P, Webster RG, Webby RJ. Detection of a Novel Reassortant H9N9 Avian Influenza Virus in Free-Range Ducks in Bangladesh. Viruses. 2021; 13(12):2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13122357

Chicago/Turabian Style

El-Shesheny, Rabeh, Jasmine C. M. Turner, David Walker, John Franks, Patrick Seiler, Subrata Barman, Mohammed M. Feeroz, Md Kamrul Hasan, Sharmin Akhtar, Nabanita Mukherjee, Lisa Kercher, Pamela McKenzie, Robert G. Webster, and Richard J. Webby. 2021. "Detection of a Novel Reassortant H9N9 Avian Influenza Virus in Free-Range Ducks in Bangladesh" Viruses 13, no. 12: 2357. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13122357

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