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Review

Hepatitis B Virus Pre-S Mutants as Biomarkers and Targets for the Development and Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

1
Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, China Medical University, No.91, Hsueh-Shih Rd., Northern Dist., Taichung City 404, Taiwan
2
Organ Transplantation Center, China Medical University Hospital, No.2, Yude Rd., North Dist., Taichung City 404, Taiwan
3
Research Center for Cancer Biology, China Medical University, Taichung City 404, Taiwan
4
National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan 350, Taiwan
5
Department of Biotechnology, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, No.1, Nantai St., Yongkang Dist., Tainan City 710, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(9), 945; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12090945
Received: 24 July 2020 / Revised: 6 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 26 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viral Molecular Epidemiology)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Despite progress in the prevention and therapy of HCC, high incidence and recurrence rates of HCC remain big threats, resulting in poor patient survival. Effective biomarkers and targets of HCC are therefore urgently needed for better management and to improve patient outcomes. Pre-S mutants have been well demonstrated as HBV oncoproteins that play important roles in HCC development through activation of multiple oncogenic signal pathways in hepatocytes, in vitro and in vivo. The presence of pre-S mutants in patients with chronic HBV infection and HBV-related HCC has been associated with a significantly higher risk of HCC development and recurrence after curative surgical resection, respectively. In this review, we summarize the roles of pre-S mutants as biomarkers for predicting HBV-related HCC development and recurrence, and highlight the pre-S mutants-activated oncogenic signal pathways as potential targets for preventing HBV-related HCC development. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatitis B virus; hepatocellular carcinoma; biomarkers; targets; pre-S mutants hepatitis B virus; hepatocellular carcinoma; biomarkers; targets; pre-S mutants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teng, C.-F.; Wu, H.-C.; Su, I.-J.; Jeng, L.-B. Hepatitis B Virus Pre-S Mutants as Biomarkers and Targets for the Development and Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Viruses 2020, 12, 945. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12090945

AMA Style

Teng C-F, Wu H-C, Su I-J, Jeng L-B. Hepatitis B Virus Pre-S Mutants as Biomarkers and Targets for the Development and Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Viruses. 2020; 12(9):945. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12090945

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teng, Chiao-Fang; Wu, Han-Chieh; Su, Ih-Jen; Jeng, Long-Bin. 2020. "Hepatitis B Virus Pre-S Mutants as Biomarkers and Targets for the Development and Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma" Viruses 12, no. 9: 945. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12090945

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