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A Global Perspective on H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus

Avian Influenza Group, The Pirbright Institute, Woking GU24 0NF, UK
Section of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK
Royal Veterinary College, London NW1 0TU, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Animal & Plant Health Agency, Weybridge KT15 3NB, UK.
Viruses 2019, 11(7), 620;
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 30 June 2019 / Accepted: 1 July 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Avian Respiratory Viruses)
H9N2 avian influenza viruses have become globally widespread in poultry over the last two decades and represent a genuine threat both to the global poultry industry but also humans through their high rates of zoonotic infection and pandemic potential. H9N2 viruses are generally hyperendemic in affected countries and have been found in poultry in many new regions in recent years. In this review, we examine the current global spread of H9N2 avian influenza viruses as well as their host range, tropism, transmission routes and the risk posed by these viruses to human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: H9N2; avian influenza viruses; zoonotic; pandemic potential; poultry H9N2; avian influenza viruses; zoonotic; pandemic potential; poultry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peacock, T.P.; James, J.; Sealy, J.E.; Iqbal, M. A Global Perspective on H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus. Viruses 2019, 11, 620.

AMA Style

Peacock TP, James J, Sealy JE, Iqbal M. A Global Perspective on H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus. Viruses. 2019; 11(7):620.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peacock, T. P., Joe James, Joshua E. Sealy, and Munir Iqbal. 2019. "A Global Perspective on H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus" Viruses 11, no. 7: 620.

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