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Open AccessArticle

Novel Viruses in Mosquitoes from Brazilian Pantanal

1
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Sáude, Laboratório de Virologia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), 78060-900 Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil
2
Departamento de Fitopatologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de Brasília, 70910-900 Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil
3
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de Brasília, 70910-900 Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(10), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11100957
Received: 18 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Viruses: Surveillance, Prevention, Evolution and Control)
Viruses are ubiquitous and diverse microorganisms arising as a result of interactions within their vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Here we report the presence of different viruses in the salivary glands of 1657 mosquitoes classified over 28 culicinae species from the North region of the Brazilian Pantanal wetland through metagenomics, viral isolation, and RT-PCR. In total, 12 viruses were found, eight putative novel viruses with relatively low similarity with pre-existing species of viruses within their families, named Pirizal iflavirus, Furrundu phlebovirus, Pixé phlebovirus, Guampa vesiculovirus, Chacororé flavivirus, Rasqueado orbivirus, Uru chuvirus, and Bororo circovirus. We also found the already described Lobeira dielmorhabdovirus, Sabethes flavivirus, Araticum partitivirus, and Murici totivirus. Therefore, these findings underscore the vast diversity of culicinae and novel viruses yet to be explored in Pantanal, the largest wetland on the planet. View Full-Text
Keywords: culicinae; high throughput sequencing; RNA virus; DNA virus; virome; sialovirome; phylogeny culicinae; high throughput sequencing; RNA virus; DNA virus; virome; sialovirome; phylogeny
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maia, L.M.S.; Pinto, A.Z.L.; Carvalho, M.S.; Melo, F.L.; Ribeiro, B.M.; Slhessarenko, R.D. Novel Viruses in Mosquitoes from Brazilian Pantanal. Viruses 2019, 11, 957.

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