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Detection and Characterization of Enterovirus B73 from a Child in Brazil

1
Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará, Pará 66075-000, Brazil
2
Enteric Disease Laboratory, Virology Center, Adolfo Lutz Institute, São Paulo 01246-000, Brazil
3
Secretary of Health of Tocantins, Tocantins 77453-000, Brazil
4
Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Tocantins, Tocantins 77001-090, Brazil
5
Public Health Laboratory of Tocantins State (LACEN/TO), Tocantins 77016-330, Brazil
6
Postgraduate Program in Health Science, Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo André 09060-870, Brazil
7
Retrovirology Laboratory, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
8
Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05403-000, Brazil
9
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY 10065, USA
10
Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
11
Department Laboratory Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
12
LIM/46, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-903, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11010016
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 December 2018 / Published: 28 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enteroviruses)
Enterovirus B73 is a new member of the Enterovirus B species. First detected in the USA, it has been subsequently identified in China, India, Oman, and the Netherlands. In this study, we characterize the first B73 strain (named TO-127) to be detected in South America. TO-127 was obtained from a child with acute gastroenteritis living in a rural area in Northern Brazil. The subject was not infected with any known enteric pathogens such as norovirus, rotavirus, helminths, or enteric bacteria. Analysis of the nearly full-length TO-127 genome (6993 nt) indicated a 74–75% nucleotide similarity with EV-B73 strains from other countries. Evolutionary analysis suggests that B73 is endemic and widespread. View Full-Text
Keywords: enterovirus B73; virome; picornavirus; pediatric virology; gastroenteritis; phylogenetics enterovirus B73; virome; picornavirus; pediatric virology; gastroenteritis; phylogenetics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, G.d.O.; Luchs, A.; Milagres, F.A.d.P.; Komninakis, S.V.; Gill, D.E.; Lobato, M.C.A.B.S.; Brustulin, R.; Chagas, R.T.d.; Abrão, M.d.F.N.d.S.; Soares, C.V.d.D.A.; Witkin, S.S.; Villanova, F.; Deng, X.; Sabino, E.C.; Delwart, E.; Da Costa, A.C.; Leal, É. Detection and Characterization of Enterovirus B73 from a Child in Brazil. Viruses 2019, 11, 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/v11010016

AMA Style

Ribeiro GdO, Luchs A, Milagres FAdP, Komninakis SV, Gill DE, Lobato MCABS, Brustulin R, Chagas RTd, Abrão MdFNdS, Soares CVdDA, Witkin SS, Villanova F, Deng X, Sabino EC, Delwart E, Da Costa AC, Leal É. Detection and Characterization of Enterovirus B73 from a Child in Brazil. Viruses. 2019; 11(1):16. https://doi.org/10.3390/v11010016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ribeiro, Geovani d.O., Adriana Luchs, Flávio A.d.P. Milagres, Shirley V. Komninakis, Danielle E. Gill, Márcia C.A.B.S. Lobato, Rafael Brustulin, Rogério T.d. Chagas, Maria d.F.N.d.S. Abrão, Cassia V.d.D.A. Soares, Steven S. Witkin, Fabiola Villanova, Xutao Deng, Ester C. Sabino, Eric Delwart, Antonio C. Da Costa, and Élcio Leal. 2019. "Detection and Characterization of Enterovirus B73 from a Child in Brazil" Viruses 11, no. 1: 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/v11010016

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