Next Article in Journal
Forest Biomass Policy in Minnesota: Supply Chain Perspectives on Barriers to Bioenergy Development
Previous Article in Journal
Separating Tree Photosynthetic and Non-Photosynthetic Components from Point Cloud Data Using Dynamic Segment Merging
Previous Article in Special Issue
Traffic-Induced Changes and Processes in Forest Road Aggregate Particle-Size Distributions
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2018, 9(5), 253; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9050253

Spatial Distribution of Biomass and Woody Litter for Bio-Energy in Biscay (Spain)

1
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Rafael Moreno ’Pitxitxi’, n 3, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
2
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2018 / Revised: 27 April 2018 / Accepted: 1 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Operations, Engineering and Management)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1167 KB, uploaded 9 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Forest management has been considered a subject of interest, because they act as carbon (C) sinks to mitigate CO 2 emissions and also as producers of woody litter (WL) for bio-energy. Overall, a sustainably managed system of forests and forest products contributes to carbon mitigation in a positive, stable way. With increasing demand for sustainable production, the need to effectively utilise site-based resources increases. The utilization of WL for bio-energy can help meet the need for renewable energy production. The objective of the present study was to investigate biomass production (including C sequestration) from the most representative forestry species (Pinus radiata D. Don and Ecualyptus globulus Labill) of Biscay (Spain). Data from the third and fourth Spanish Forest Inventories (NFI3-2005 and NFI4-2011) were used. We also estimated the potential WL produced in the forest activities. Our findings were as follows: Forests of Biscay stored 12.084 Tg of biomass (dry basis), with a mean of 147.34 Mg ha - 1 in 2005 and 14.509 Tg of biomass (dry basis), with a mean of 179.82 Mg ha - 1 in 2011. The total equivalent CO 2 in Biscay’s forests increased by 1.629 Tg year - 1 between 2005 and 2011. The study shows that the energy potential of carbon accumulated in the WL amounted to 1283.2 million MJ year - 1 . These results suggest a considerable potential for energy production. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon stock; woody litter; bioenergy potential; resources map; aboveground biomass, underground biomass carbon stock; woody litter; bioenergy potential; resources map; aboveground biomass, underground biomass
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mateos, E.; Ormaetxea, L. Spatial Distribution of Biomass and Woody Litter for Bio-Energy in Biscay (Spain). Forests 2018, 9, 253.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top