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Article

Nitrogen Fertilization Increases Windstorm Damage in an Aggrading Forest

1
Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
2
Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service (Emeritus), Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
3
Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
4
Department of Geology and Geography, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonor Calvo Galvan
Forests 2021, 12(4), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040443
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 3 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Nitrogen Deposition)
Storms are the most significant disturbance events in temperate forests. Forests impacted by nitrogen deposition may face more severe storm damage as changes in soil and wood chemistry impact tree growth allocation, wood strength, and species composition. To examine these potential effects of nitrogen deposition, we measured tree damage from a windstorm in an aggrading forest that is part of a nitrogen fertilization experiment. We discovered that within the nitrogen fertilization treatment area there was significantly more basal area and stems damaged when compared to the reference treatment, and the nitrogen fertilization treatment had more snapped and severely damaged trees. Additionally, the effect of treatment and amount of damage to trees was different depending on tree species. If our results are indicative of the large and globally-distributed regions of temperate forests impacted by nitrogen deposition, then the increased windstorm disturbance risk posed by climate change could be more significant due to the effects of nitrogen deposition. View Full-Text
Keywords: disturbance; storm; damage; N deposition; temperate forest; acidification; acid rain; N saturation; windthrow disturbance; storm; damage; N deposition; temperate forest; acidification; acid rain; N saturation; windthrow
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MDPI and ACS Style

Walter, C.A.; Fowler, Z.K.; Adams, M.B.; Burnham, M.B.; McNeil, B.E.; Peterjohn, W.T. Nitrogen Fertilization Increases Windstorm Damage in an Aggrading Forest. Forests 2021, 12, 443. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040443

AMA Style

Walter CA, Fowler ZK, Adams MB, Burnham MB, McNeil BE, Peterjohn WT. Nitrogen Fertilization Increases Windstorm Damage in an Aggrading Forest. Forests. 2021; 12(4):443. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040443

Chicago/Turabian Style

Walter, Christopher A., Zachariah K. Fowler, Mary B. Adams, Mark B. Burnham, Brenden E. McNeil, and William T. Peterjohn. 2021. "Nitrogen Fertilization Increases Windstorm Damage in an Aggrading Forest" Forests 12, no. 4: 443. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12040443

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