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Review

Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa

1
Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Prague-Suchdol, Czech Republic
2
Higher Institute of Environmental Sciences (HIES), Yaoundé 35460, Cameroon
3
Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Bio-Science Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Department of Economics and Development, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Prague-Suchdol, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(2), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020124
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 4 February 2019
Garcinia kola Heckel (Clusiaceae), known as bitter kola, is a multipurpose tree indigenous to West and Central Africa. This highly preferred species is called “wonder plant” because all of its parts can be used as medicine. Its seeds, the most valued product of the tree, are commonly eaten to prevent/cure gastric disorders and for their typical astringent taste. There is a vast evidence that bioactive components of the seeds can serve as alternative medicine to treat/prevent severe illnesses such as malaria, hepatitis and immune-destructive diseases. Despite the species’ pharmaceutical potential and its high preference by West and Central African communities, G. kola is still at the beginning of its domestication process. Even though, there are numerous scientific articles published on species‘ biological activities, it is a difficult task to find basic information on its diversity, distribution, genetics, silvicultural management or botany. Therefore, in this very first review published on G. kola, we summarize all relevant information known about the species, target some of the challenges connected with its cultivation and propose a leading direction for future research and domestication process. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cameroon; diversity; indigenous fruit tree species; kolaviron; medicinal plants; underutilized crops Cameroon; diversity; indigenous fruit tree species; kolaviron; medicinal plants; underutilized crops
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maňourová, A.; Leuner, O.; Tchoundjeu, Z.; Van Damme, P.; Verner, V.; Přibyl, O.; Lojka, B. Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa. Forests 2019, 10, 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020124

AMA Style

Maňourová A, Leuner O, Tchoundjeu Z, Van Damme P, Verner V, Přibyl O, Lojka B. Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa. Forests. 2019; 10(2):124. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020124

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maňourová, Anna; Leuner, Olga; Tchoundjeu, Zacharie; Van Damme, Patrick; Verner, Vladimír; Přibyl, Ondřej; Lojka, Bohdan. 2019. "Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa" Forests 10, no. 2: 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020124

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