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Materials 2016, 9(5), 353;

Influence of Upconversion Processes in the Optically-Induced Inhomogeneous Thermal Behavior of Erbium-Doped Lanthanum Oxysulfide Powders

Departamento de Física Aplicada I, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería, Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU, Alda. Urquijo s/n, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
Materials Physics Center CSIC-UPV/EHU and Donostia International Physics Center, 20080 San Sebastián, Spain
Laboratoire des Verres et Cerámiques, UMR-CNRS 6226, Université de Rennes, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco UPV/EHU, Apartado 644 Bilbao, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anke Weidenkaff
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 12 April 2016 / Accepted: 5 May 2016 / Published: 11 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid-State Laser Materials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2798 KB, uploaded 11 May 2016]   |  


The efficient infrared-to-visible upconversion emission present in Er-doped lanthanum oxysulfide crystal powders is used as a fine thermal sensor to determine the influence of upconversion processes on the laser-induced thermal load produced by the pump laser and to assess the potentialities of this material in order to obtain anti-Stokes laser-induced cooling. The analysis of the upconversion emission and excitation spectra as well as the decay curves indicates that energy transfer upconversion is the main mechanism responsible for the green (4S3/2) and red (4F9/2) upconversion luminescence. The dependence on temperature of the intensity ratio of upconversion emission from thermally-coupled 2H11/2 and 4S3/2 levels of Er3+ in the 240–300 K temperature range has been used to estimate a relative sensitivity of 1.09 × 10−2 K−1. Thermal measurements performed on the powder samples by using a thermal infrared camera exhibit a very inhomogeneous heat distribution at the sample surface due to the random distribution of the pumping energy inside the sample as well as to the random properties of the thermal field. The analysis of both spectroscopic and thermal measurements show that after a transient heating induced by the background absorption, cooling of discrete regions by means of anti-Stokes processes can be observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser materials; upconversion; low phonon materials; laser cooling; erbium laser materials; upconversion; low phonon materials; laser cooling; erbium

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Balda, R.; Hakmeh, N.; Barredo-Zuriarrain, M.; Merdrignac-Conanec, O.; García-Revilla, S.; Arriandiaga, M.A.; Fernández, J. Influence of Upconversion Processes in the Optically-Induced Inhomogeneous Thermal Behavior of Erbium-Doped Lanthanum Oxysulfide Powders. Materials 2016, 9, 353.

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