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Research on the Thermal Decomposition Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism of Pyridinol-Blocked Isophorone Diisocyanate

School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
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Materials 2016, 9(2), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9020110
Received: 14 December 2015 / Accepted: 5 February 2016 / Published: 11 February 2016
A series of pyridinol-blocked isophorone isocyanates, based on pyridinol including 2-hydroxypyridine, 3-hydroxypyridine, and 4-hydroxypyridine, was synthesized and characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and FTIR spectra. The deblocking temperature of blocked isocyanates was established by thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and the CO2 evaluation method. The deblocking studies revealed that the deblocking temperature was increased with pyridinol nucleophilicity in this order: 3-hydroxypyridine > 4-hydroxypyridine > 2-hydroxypyridine. The thermal decomposition reaction of 4-hydroxypyridine blocked isophorone diisocyanate was studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis. The Friedman–Reich–Levi (FRL) equation, Flynn–Wall–Ozawa (FWO) equation, and Crane equation were utilized to analyze the thermal decomposition reaction kinetics. The activation energy calculated by FRL method and FWO method was 134.6 kJ·mol−1 and 126.2 kJ·mol−1, respectively. The most probable mechanism function calculated by the FWO method was the Jander equation. The reaction order was not an integer because of the complicated reactions of isocyanate. View Full-Text
Keywords: blocked isocyanate, deblocking temperature, thermal decomposition, reaction kinetics, mechanism function, polyurethane blocked isocyanate, deblocking temperature, thermal decomposition, reaction kinetics, mechanism function, polyurethane
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Guo, S.; He, J.; Luo, W.; Liu, F. Research on the Thermal Decomposition Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism of Pyridinol-Blocked Isophorone Diisocyanate. Materials 2016, 9, 110.

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