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Article

Long-Term Assessment of Contemporary Ion-Releasing Restorative Dental Materials

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Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gunduliceva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Private Dental Practice, Dr. Ivana Novaka 28, 40000 Čakovec, Croatia
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Private Dental Practice, Odranska 10, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Private Dental Practice, Malkočeva 3, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry, Center for Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gherlone Felice Enrico
Materials 2022, 15(12), 4042; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124042
Received: 13 April 2022 / Revised: 2 June 2022 / Accepted: 3 June 2022 / Published: 7 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Dental Materials)
The objective was to evaluate new commercially available ion-releasing restorative materials and compare them to established anti-cariogenic materials. Four materials were tested: alkasite Cention (Ivoclar Vivadent) in self-cure or light-cure mode, giomer Beautifil II (Shofu), conventional glass-ionomer Fuji IX (GC), and resin composite Tetric EvoCeram (Ivoclar Vivadent) as a control. Flexural strength, flexural modulus, and Weibull modulus were measured one day, three months, and after three months with accelerated aging in ethanol. Water sorption and solubility were evaluated for up to one year. Degree of conversion was measured during 120 min for self-cured and light-cured Cention. In this study, Beautifil II was the ion-releasing material with the highest flexural strength and modulus and with the best resistance to aging. Alkasite Cention showed superior mechanical properties to Fuji IX. Weibull analysis showed that the glass-ionomer had the least reliable distribution of mechanical properties with the highest water sorption. The solubility of self-cured alkasite exceeded the permissible values according to ISO 4049. Degree of conversion of light-cured Cention was higher than in self-cure mode. The use of alkasite Cention is recommended only in the light-cure mode. View Full-Text
Keywords: flexural strength; modulus; water sorption; solubility; degree of conversion; alkasite; giomer; glass-ionomer; long-term flexural strength; modulus; water sorption; solubility; degree of conversion; alkasite; giomer; glass-ionomer; long-term
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marovic, D.; Par, M.; Posavec, K.; Marić, I.; Štajdohar, D.; Muradbegović, A.; Tauböck, T.T.; Attin, T.; Tarle, Z. Long-Term Assessment of Contemporary Ion-Releasing Restorative Dental Materials. Materials 2022, 15, 4042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124042

AMA Style

Marovic D, Par M, Posavec K, Marić I, Štajdohar D, Muradbegović A, Tauböck TT, Attin T, Tarle Z. Long-Term Assessment of Contemporary Ion-Releasing Restorative Dental Materials. Materials. 2022; 15(12):4042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marovic, Danijela, Matej Par, Karlo Posavec, Ivana Marić, Dominik Štajdohar, Alen Muradbegović, Tobias T. Tauböck, Thomas Attin, and Zrinka Tarle. 2022. "Long-Term Assessment of Contemporary Ion-Releasing Restorative Dental Materials" Materials 15, no. 12: 4042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124042

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