Next Article in Journal
Nonlocality-Enabled Magnetic Free Optical Isolation in Hyperbolic Metamaterials
Next Article in Special Issue
Up-Cycling of LCD Glass by Additive Manufacturing of Porous Translucent Glass Scaffolds
Previous Article in Journal
Characterization, Antimicrobial Effects, and Cytocompatibility of a Root Canal Sealer Produced by Pozzolan Reaction between Calcium Hydroxide and Silica
Previous Article in Special Issue
Foam Replica Method in the Manufacturing of Bioactive Glass Scaffolds: Out-of-Date Technology or Still Underexploited Potential?
Article

Yttrium Oxide Freeze-Casts: Target Materials for Radioactive Ion Beams

1
Institute for Materials Science and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
2
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ewa Rysiakiewicz-Pasek and Tatiana Antropova
Materials 2021, 14(11), 2864; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112864
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 21 May 2021 / Accepted: 22 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Glass and Ceramics: From Preparation to Applications)
Highly porous yttrium oxide is fabricated as ion beam target material in order to produce radioactive ion beams via the Isotope Separation On Line (ISOL) method. Freeze casting allows the formation of an aligned pore structure in these target materials to improve the isotope release. Aqueous suspensions containing a solid loading of 10, 15, and 20 vol% were solidified with a unidirectional freeze-casting setup. The pore size and pore structure of the yttrium oxide freeze-casts are highly affected by the amount of solid loading. The porosity ranges from 72 to 84% and the crosslinking between the aligned channels increases with increasing solid loading. Thermal aging of the final target materials shows that an operation temperature of 1400 °C for 96 h has no significant effect on the microstructure. Thermo-mechanical calculation results, based on a FLUKA simulation, are compared to measured compressive strength and forecast the mechanical integrity of the target materials during operation. Even though they were developed for the particular purpose of the production of short-lived radioactive isotopes, the yttria freeze-cast scaffolds can serve multiple other purposes, such as catalyst support frameworks or high-temperature fume filters. View Full-Text
Keywords: freeze casting; scaffolds; porous ceramic; yttrium oxide; target material; radioactive ion beams; ISOLDE freeze casting; scaffolds; porous ceramic; yttrium oxide; target material; radioactive ion beams; ISOLDE
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kröll, E.; Vadalà, M.; Schell, J.; Stegemann, S.; Ballof, J.; Rothe, S.; Lupascu, D.C. Yttrium Oxide Freeze-Casts: Target Materials for Radioactive Ion Beams. Materials 2021, 14, 2864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112864

AMA Style

Kröll E, Vadalà M, Schell J, Stegemann S, Ballof J, Rothe S, Lupascu DC. Yttrium Oxide Freeze-Casts: Target Materials for Radioactive Ion Beams. Materials. 2021; 14(11):2864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112864

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kröll, Eva, Miriana Vadalà, Juliana Schell, Simon Stegemann, Jochen Ballof, Sebastian Rothe, and Doru C. Lupascu. 2021. "Yttrium Oxide Freeze-Casts: Target Materials for Radioactive Ion Beams" Materials 14, no. 11: 2864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14112864

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop