In this work, the reactive wetting and infiltration behaviors of a newly designed Sn-V binary alloy were comprehensively explored on porous graphite for the first time. It was discovered that 0.5 wt.% addition of V can obviously improve the wettability of liquid Sn on porous graphite and the nominal V contents in Sn-V binary alloys has minor effects on the apparent contact angles wetted at 950 °C. Moreover, the V-containing Sn-V alloys were initiated to spread on porous graphite at ~650 °C and reached a quasi-equilibrium state at ~900 °C. Spreading kinetics of Sn-3V alloy on porous graphite well fitted in the classic product reaction controlled (PRC) model. However, our microstructural characterization demonstrated that, besides vanadium carbide formation, the adsorption of V element at the wetting three-phase contact line spontaneously contributed to the reactive spreading and infiltrating of Sn-V alloys on porous graphite. Meanwhile, the formation of continuous vanadium carbides could completely block the infiltration of Sn-V active solder alloy in porous graphite. Affected by the growth kinetics of vanadium carbides, the infiltration depth of Sn-V alloys in porous graphite decreased at increased isothermal wetting temperatures. This work is believed to provide implicative notions on the fabrication of graphite related materials and devices using novel V-containing bonding alloys.
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