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The Impact of Graphene and Diatomite Admixtures on the Performance and Properties of High-Performance Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Composites

1
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Department of Materials Engineering and Chemistry, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Thákurova 7, 166 29 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(24), 5708; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13245708
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 13 December 2020 / Published: 14 December 2020
A high-performance magnesium oxychloride cement (MOC) composite composed of silica sand, diatomite powder, and doped with graphene nanoplatelets was prepared and characterized. Diatomite was used as a 10 vol.% replacement for silica sand. The dosage of graphene was 0.5 wt.% of the sum of the MgO and MgCl2·6H2O masses. The broad product characterization included high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses. The macrostructural parameters, pore size distribution, mechanical resistance, stiffness, hygric and thermal parameters of the composites matured for 28-days were also the subject of investigation. The combination of diatomite and graphene nanoplatelets greatly reduced the porosity and average pore size in comparison with the reference material composed of MOC and silica sand. In the developed composites, well stable and mechanically resistant phase 5 was the only precipitated compound. Therefore, the developed composite shows high compactness, strength, and low water imbibition which ensure high application potential of this novel type of material in the construction industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: composites; magnesium oxychloride; sorel cement; graphene; diatomite composites; magnesium oxychloride; sorel cement; graphene; diatomite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lauermannová, A.-M.; Antončík, F.; Lojka, M.; Jankovský, O.; Pavlíková, M.; Pivák, A.; Záleská, M.; Pavlík, Z. The Impact of Graphene and Diatomite Admixtures on the Performance and Properties of High-Performance Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Composites. Materials 2020, 13, 5708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13245708

AMA Style

Lauermannová A-M, Antončík F, Lojka M, Jankovský O, Pavlíková M, Pivák A, Záleská M, Pavlík Z. The Impact of Graphene and Diatomite Admixtures on the Performance and Properties of High-Performance Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Composites. Materials. 2020; 13(24):5708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13245708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lauermannová, Anna-Marie, Filip Antončík, Michal Lojka, Ondřej Jankovský, Milena Pavlíková, Adam Pivák, Martina Záleská, and Zbyšek Pavlík. 2020. "The Impact of Graphene and Diatomite Admixtures on the Performance and Properties of High-Performance Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Composites" Materials 13, no. 24: 5708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13245708

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