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Article

Lightweight Vapor-Permeable Plasters for Building Repair Detailed Experimental Analysis of the Functional Properties

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Department of Materials Engineering and Chemistry, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Thákurova 7, 166 29 Prague 6, Czech Republic
2
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Neven Ukrainczyk
Materials 2021, 14(10), 2613; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102613
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
Three types of lightweight plasters for building repair were prepared and tested. The composition of plasters was designed in respect to their compatibility with materials used in the past in historical masonry. For the hardened plasters, detailed testing of microstructural and macrostructural parameters was realized together with the broad experimental campaign focused on the assessment of mechanical, hygric, and thermal properties. As the researched plasters should find use in salt-laden masonry, specific attention was paid to the testing of their durability against salt crystallization. The mechanical resistance, porosity, water vapor transmission properties, and water transport parameters of all the researched plasters safely met criteria of WTA directive 2-9-04/D and standard EN 998-1 imposed on repair mortars. Moreover, the tested materials were ranked as lightweight plasters and due to their low thermal conductivity they can be used for the improvement of thermal performance of repaired masonry. The salt crystallization test caused little or no damage of the plasters, which was due to their high porosity that provided free space for salt crystallization. The developed plasters can be recommended for application in repair of damp and salt masonry and due to their compatible composition also in historical, culture heritage buildings. The added value of plasters is also their good thermal insulation performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: lightweight plasters; perlite; vapor permeability; salt crystallization resistance; water and salt transport properties lightweight plasters; perlite; vapor permeability; salt crystallization resistance; water and salt transport properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Záleská, M.; Pavlíková, M.; Pivák, A.; Lauermannová, A.-M.; Jankovský, O.; Pavlík, Z. Lightweight Vapor-Permeable Plasters for Building Repair Detailed Experimental Analysis of the Functional Properties. Materials 2021, 14, 2613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102613

AMA Style

Záleská M, Pavlíková M, Pivák A, Lauermannová A-M, Jankovský O, Pavlík Z. Lightweight Vapor-Permeable Plasters for Building Repair Detailed Experimental Analysis of the Functional Properties. Materials. 2021; 14(10):2613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102613

Chicago/Turabian Style

Záleská, Martina, Milena Pavlíková, Adam Pivák, Anna-Marie Lauermannová, Ondřej Jankovský, and Zbyšek Pavlík. 2021. "Lightweight Vapor-Permeable Plasters for Building Repair Detailed Experimental Analysis of the Functional Properties" Materials 14, no. 10: 2613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102613

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