Next Article in Journal
Investigation of Damage Reduction When Dry-Drilling Aramid Fiber-Reinforced Plastics Based on a Three-Point Step Drill
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Hydrogen Nanobubbles on the Mechanical Strength and Watertightness of Cement Mixtures
Previous Article in Journal
Lightweight Gypsum Materials with Potential Use for Thermal Insulations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Polish Transition towards Circular Economy: Materials Management and Implications for the Construction Sector
Article

Regional Waste Streams as Potential Raw Materials for Immediate Implementation in Cement Production

1
Department of Materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Laboratory of Construction Materials, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(23), 5456; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13235456
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Construction and Building Materials)
There is an urgent need to apply available technologies to reduce the environmental impact of the construction industry. One of the possible solutions that can be implemented immediately is the industrial symbiosis between the waste-producing industries on the one hand and the cement industry, which consumes enormous amounts of raw materials for its production, on the other. In order for the industry to accelerate the use of these available materials and technologies, the potential of these materials must be disclosed. The present study shows a systematic approach to assess the potential of waste materials, by-products, and other raw materials available in the South East Europe that can be used in cement production. Their evaluation included the analysis of their availability, their chemical and physical properties, their chemical reactivity, and their contribution to the mortar’s strength. Based on the results and the analyses carried out, a recommendation for immediate use in the construction sector is given for each of the materials collected. View Full-Text
Keywords: supplementary cementitious materials; industrial by-products; chemical composition; reactivity; compressive strength supplementary cementitious materials; industrial by-products; chemical composition; reactivity; compressive strength
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Flegar, M.; Serdar, M.; Londono-Zuluaga, D.; Scrivener, K. Regional Waste Streams as Potential Raw Materials for Immediate Implementation in Cement Production. Materials 2020, 13, 5456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13235456

AMA Style

Flegar M, Serdar M, Londono-Zuluaga D, Scrivener K. Regional Waste Streams as Potential Raw Materials for Immediate Implementation in Cement Production. Materials. 2020; 13(23):5456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13235456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flegar, Matea, Marijana Serdar, Diana Londono-Zuluaga, and Karen Scrivener. 2020. "Regional Waste Streams as Potential Raw Materials for Immediate Implementation in Cement Production" Materials 13, no. 23: 5456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13235456

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop