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Open AccessArticle

Study of the Simultaneous Utilization of Mechanical Water Foaming and Zeolites and Their Effects on the Properties of Warm Mix Asphalt Concrete

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Department of Transportation Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kielce University of Technology, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
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Department of Building Engineering Technologies and Organization, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kielce University of Technology, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(2), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13020357
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 6 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 12 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
The paper aimed at assessing the feasibility of using natural zeolites as a mineral filler substitute for asphalt mixtures produced at around 120 °C temperatures with a water foamed binder and compacted at 100 °C. The tests utilized the AC 16 asphalt concrete mixture intended for the binder and base course with the mineral filler fraction amounting to 4% by wt. comprising limestone dust and zeolites (when added). A reference hot mix and warm mix with foamed bitumen were compared to two mixes with zeolites, with one containing 0.4% of a water-modified (20% moisture content) zeolite and the second containing 1.0% of natural air-dried zeolite. The investigations included: assessment of campactability using a gyratory compactor, air void content, indirect tensile strength before and after conditioning with one freeze-thaw cycle, and the resulting resistance to moisture and frost damage. The mixtures with zeolites exhibited decreased compactability when compared to reference mixes, which the Marshall samples confirmed. The mechanical properties have also deteriorated in zeolite-bearing mixtures, which was partially accounted to the decreased compaction level. It was concluded that the temperature of the mixture production was too low for the zeolite water to significantly improve the compactablity of the asphalt mixture and its mechanical parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: WMA; asphalt concrete; natural zeolite; foamed bitumen; moisture susceptibility WMA; asphalt concrete; natural zeolite; foamed bitumen; moisture susceptibility
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Chomicz-Kowalska, A.; Maciejewski, K.; Iwański, M.M. Study of the Simultaneous Utilization of Mechanical Water Foaming and Zeolites and Their Effects on the Properties of Warm Mix Asphalt Concrete. Materials 2020, 13, 357.

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