The absolute pressure strongly affects the porosity and mechanical properties of castings produced by vacuum high-pressure die casting (V-HPDC) technology. The pore size, quantity and distribution of AlSi9
samples under three absolute pressures were evaluated by X-ray tomography and optical and electron microscopy. The paper presents an elaboration the stress concentration mechanism of pores affecting the tensile properties. According to a mathematical analysis of a sample under uniaxial stress, the greater the radius of the pore, the higher the stress value is at the pore perimeter. When the absolute pressure drops from 1013 mbar to 100 mbar, the porosity decreases from 6.8% to 2.8%, and the pore number and mean size decreases. In tensile tests, the pore sizes of the fracture surface decrease with decreasing absolute pressure, and the pore distribution becomes uniform. The tensile properties and extensibility of the sample are improved, and the microscopic fracture surface of the sample changes from cleavage fracture to quasi-cleavage fracture. The number, size and distribution of pores in die casting collectively affect the properties of the sample. Large-size or complex pores or pores with concentrated distributions produce large stress concentrations, decreasing the strength of the metal.
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