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The Stress Concentration Mechanism of Pores Affecting the Tensile Properties in Vacuum Die Casting Metals

1
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
2
National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
3
Chongqing Automotive Collaborative Innovation Center, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(13), 3019; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13133019
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 July 2020 / Published: 6 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Materials Physics)
The absolute pressure strongly affects the porosity and mechanical properties of castings produced by vacuum high-pressure die casting (V-HPDC) technology. The pore size, quantity and distribution of AlSi9Cu3 samples under three absolute pressures were evaluated by X-ray tomography and optical and electron microscopy. The paper presents an elaboration the stress concentration mechanism of pores affecting the tensile properties. According to a mathematical analysis of a sample under uniaxial stress, the greater the radius of the pore, the higher the stress value is at the pore perimeter. When the absolute pressure drops from 1013 mbar to 100 mbar, the porosity decreases from 6.8% to 2.8%, and the pore number and mean size decreases. In tensile tests, the pore sizes of the fracture surface decrease with decreasing absolute pressure, and the pore distribution becomes uniform. The tensile properties and extensibility of the sample are improved, and the microscopic fracture surface of the sample changes from cleavage fracture to quasi-cleavage fracture. The number, size and distribution of pores in die casting collectively affect the properties of the sample. Large-size or complex pores or pores with concentrated distributions produce large stress concentrations, decreasing the strength of the metal. View Full-Text
Keywords: vacuum; porosity; high pressure die casting; tensile properties; fracture mechanism vacuum; porosity; high pressure die casting; tensile properties; fracture mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, H.; Luo, Z.; Wang, C.; Wang, J.; Hu, T.; Xiao, L.; Che, J. The Stress Concentration Mechanism of Pores Affecting the Tensile Properties in Vacuum Die Casting Metals. Materials 2020, 13, 3019.

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