The chemical composition of standard Inconel 740 superalloy was modified by changes in the Al/Ti ratio (0.7, 1.5, 3.4) and addition of Ta (2.0, 3.0, 4.0%). Remelted Inconel 740 (A0) and nine variants with various chemical compositions were fabricated by lost-wax casting. The microstructure, microsegregation, phase transformation temperatures, thermal expansion coefficients and hardness of the superalloys were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, dilatometry and Vickers measurements. Typical dendritic microstructure was revealed with microsegregation of the alloying elements. Segregation coefficient ki
for Ti, Nb and Ta did not exceed unity, and so precipitates enriched mainly in these elements were found in interdendritic spaces. The Nb-rich blocky precipitates, MC carbides, MN nitrides, oxides, and fine γ’ was in all modified castings. Presence of other microstructural features, such as Ti-rich needles, eutectic γ-γ’ islands, small Al-rich and Cr-rich precipitates depended on the casting composition. The lowest solidus and liquidus temperatures were observed in superalloys with a high Al/Ti ratio. Consequently, in A7–A9 variants, the solidification range did not exceed 100 °C. In the A0 variant the difference between liquidus and solidus temperature was 138 °C. Hardness of all modified superalloys was at least 50% higher than for the remelted Inconel 740 (209 HV10).
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