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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Using Contemporary Endodontic Materials

Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Science, “Sapienza”-University of Rome, 00100 Rome, Italy
Department of Endodontics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, 00100 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(6), 908;
Received: 4 February 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Endodontic Materials)
Calcium hydroxide apexification and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) apexification are classical treatments for necrotic immature permanent teeth. The first tend to fail for lack of compliance given the high number of sessions needed; the second has technical difficulties such as material manipulation and overfilling. With both techniques, the root development is interrupted leaving the tooth with a fragile root structure, a poor crown-to-root ratio, periodontal breakdown, and high risk of fracture, compromising long-term prognosis of the tooth. New scientific literature has described a procedure that allows complete root development of these specific teeth. This regenerative endodontic procedure (REP) proposes the use of a combination of antimicrobials and irrigants, no canal walls instrumentation, induced apical bleeding to form a blood clot and a tight seal into the root canal to promote healing. MTA is the most used material to perform this seal, but updated guidelines advise the use of other bioactive endodontic cements that incorporate calcium and silicate in their compositions. They share most of their characteristics with MTA but claim to have fewer drawbacks with regards to manipulation and aesthetics. The purpose of the present article is to review pertinent literature and to describe the clinical procedures protocol with its variations, and their clinical application. View Full-Text
Keywords: Immature permanent tooth; necrotic pulp; regenerative endodontics; revascularization; revitalization Immature permanent tooth; necrotic pulp; regenerative endodontics; revascularization; revitalization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Staffoli, S.; Plotino, G.; Nunez Torrijos, B.G.; Grande, N.M.; Bossù, M.; Gambarini, G.; Polimeni, A. Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Using Contemporary Endodontic Materials. Materials 2019, 12, 908.

AMA Style

Staffoli S, Plotino G, Nunez Torrijos BG, Grande NM, Bossù M, Gambarini G, Polimeni A. Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Using Contemporary Endodontic Materials. Materials. 2019; 12(6):908.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Staffoli, Simone; Plotino, Gianluca; Nunez Torrijos, Barbara G.; Grande, Nicola M.; Bossù, Maurizio; Gambarini, Gianluca; Polimeni, Antonella. 2019. "Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Using Contemporary Endodontic Materials" Materials 12, no. 6: 908.

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