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Materials 2019, 12(8), 1259; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12081259

Effects of Different Calcium Silicate Cements on the Inflammatory Response and Odontogenic Differentiation of Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells

1
Microscope Center, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Science Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, 50-1 Yonsei-Ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
BK21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, 50-1 Yonsei-Ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University College of Engineering, 50 Yonsei-Ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 13 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Endodontic Materials)
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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the effects of different calcium silicate cements (CSCs) on the inflammatory response and odontogenic differentiation of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human dental pulp stem cells. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce inflammation. These LPS-induced dental pulp stem cells (LDPSCs) were cultured with ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, Retro MTA, and Dycal. Cell viability was evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 cytokine levels were assessed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin, and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) were analyzed through real-time polymerase chain reaction. ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, and Retro MTA did not significantly decrease the cell viability of LDPSCs for up to 48 h (p < 0.05). Retro MTA significantly decreased the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 by LDPSCs. ProRoot MTA and Biodentine significantly reduced TGF-β expression by LDPSCs (p < 0.05). Regarding odontogenic differentiation, all CSCs had no effect on ALP expression but increased the production of RUNX2 at 12 h. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium silicate cement; human dental pulp stem cell; lipopolysaccharide; inflammation; odontogenic differentiation calcium silicate cement; human dental pulp stem cell; lipopolysaccharide; inflammation; odontogenic differentiation
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Chung, M.; Lee, S.; Chen, D.; Kim, U.; Kim, Y.; Kim, S.; Kim, E. Effects of Different Calcium Silicate Cements on the Inflammatory Response and Odontogenic Differentiation of Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells. Materials 2019, 12, 1259.

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